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Juniper Virginia: the best varieties, especially planting and care

Juniper Virginia: the best varieties, especially planting and care

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Virginia Juniper is a coniferous plant native to North America. Most often, this tree is monoecious, less commonly dioecious. It belongs to the Cypress family, prefers rocky areas. Among its varieties, Gray Owl, Hetz and others are considered popular.

Characteristics of Virginia Juniper

Juniperus Virginiana is an evergreen plant reaching 30 meters tall. The diameter of the trunk of an adult tree can reach 150 m. The young juniper, which has not yet had time to settle, has a narrow crown, shaped like an egg. After ripening, the branches of the tree diverge to the sides, the plant takes on a columnar appearance.

The trunk is covered with peeling brown bark. The wood is covered with longitudinal cracks over time. The shoots of this plant are very thin, dark green scaly or needle-shaped needles in size does not exceed 2 mm. The main color of the needles is green with various shades depending on the season and age, and in winter it acquires a brownish-green color.

The berries have the shape of a ball, have a dark blue color with a bluish bloom. They ripen by autumn, remain on the trees until frost. Compared to other varieties, Juniperus Virginiana has the following undeniable advantages:

  1. Fast growth, resistance to diseases and pests. Survives well enough in urban environments.
  2. It has early fruiting.
  3. Reproduction occurs in several ways - vaccination and seeds. Some gardeners propagate plants by cuttings.
  4. Hardy, tolerates cold well, but during severe snowfall may suffer.
  5. Resistant to drought, does not require special care and constant watering.
  6. Not picky about the ground. It grows best in sandy soil, light clay and loamy limestones.
  7. It responds well even to a radical haircut. After holding it for a long time retains its shape.
  8. Hardy to shade, but poorly transplanted.
  9. The main advantage is its beauty. This instance is especially decorative at a young age. Due to its aesthetic qualities, it is most often used in parks and gardens.

Juniper Virginia: planting

The specifics of planting and care

In nature, Juniperus Virginiana propagates with the help of seeds; in the fall, they fall from the fruit into the ground and after a year give the first seedlings. Gardeners propagate this plant by cuttings. If you do not conduct special events, then only half of all cuttings can take root. When using stimulants, the result can be improved up to 80%.

Choosing a landing site, it is necessary to rely on the main characteristics of the tree. Virginia juniper is considered not so picky plant: It does not require the creation of special conditions. The soil in which the tree will be planted must be dry and drained. For placement of seedlings, it is better to choose well-lit areas. With a lack of sunlight and heat, the plant will not die, but its growth will be slowed down, and aesthetic qualities will be greatly affected.

Planting and caring for Virgin Juniper has a number of nuances. Representatives of this variety have a rooted root system, it has well-developed lateral branching. In this regard, transplanting a juniper seedling requires digging out roots with a large amount of land. When carrying a seedling to a new place, the earth does not shake off, planting is carried out together with an earthen lump. If the roots of the plant are not covered with soil, then before planting, it is necessary to further cultivate the soil. Soil is irrigated with root stimulants, and planting itself is recommended in wet rainy or cloudy weather. Landing work is more reasonable to organize in the fall or in the spring. In order for the tree to receive a sufficient amount of oxygen, it is necessary to dig it in such a way that the neck of the rhizome is above ground level.

After the plant has been planted, it must be abundantly watered.

The essence of caring for a seedling is to periodically conduct measures for weeding, moistening, loosening and mulching the soil around it.

Most compliance with these procedures is necessary for young plants. These actions contribute to the creation of a sufficient level of moisture in the soil and the flow of air to the roots. After planting has been made, the earth around the trees needs to be covered with peat, wood chips or pine bark. Top dressing is introduced at the initial stage of development, which occurs in April or May. You can use a fertilizer called "Kemira Universal", nitroammofoska is also suitable.

The planting and care of juniper varies depending on the method of propagation. If it will be carried out by cuttings, then juniper cuttings must be prepared at the end of spring. They must have a part of the bark of an adult tree. Before planting, the wells in which the cuttings will be placed are covered with a special mixture of peat and sand in a 1: 1 ratio. After the seedlings were dug, you need to spray water on them and cover them tightly with a film so that the moisture does not evaporate. Within 2 months, the plant takes root, and until then the cuttings need to be constantly ventilated and sprayed with water. After 2-3 years, seedlings can be transferred to their permanent place.

The most popular of the varieties

There are about 70 varieties of Virginian juniper, the photo can be seen below. The most popular of them are as follows:

Glauca. The crown of such a tree has a column shape and dense branching, directed strictly vertically. Juniper can grow to a height above 6 m. Virgin Glauca Juniper is fast-growing: it grows by an average of 20 cm per year. The needles have a blue-green hue, from the beginning to the center it has a needle structure, to the end it is replaced by a scaly one. With frost, the needles change the base color to bronze. The main advantage of this variety is that it tolerates a haircut. It is easy to give it the necessary form, and it will be preserved for a long time. This plant is used as a decorating element in alleys and squares. One popular use case is to create a hedge.

Hetz It is a low shrub with an open crown. Hetz juniper height is only 1 m, while the diameter of the crown can be about 3 m. It has loose horizontal branches. A distinctive feature of the Virgin Hets variety is the pronounced aroma. Its needles have a gray-blue color, which changes to brown with frost. The branches are abundantly covered with berries of a dark blue color. Such a variety, like other varieties of virgin juniper, loves the color of the sun. If it is planted in the shade, the color will be less bright. Virgin Hets is used in landscape design to create various compositions.

Juniper varieties Gray owl - This is a shrub with large spreading branches located horizontally. The adult Virginia Gray Oul does not exceed 3 m, and the crown diameter can be up to 7 m. Each year, the plant grows 10 cm in length and 20 cm wide. The needles in the variety are Virgin Gray Oul gray-blue or gray-green colors in winter acquires a purple hue. It has a needle structure at the base and scaly at the ends of the branches. The berries of the Gray Owl have the shape of a ball of gray-blue color. In the cold season, the ends of the branches may freeze slightly. Juniper Virginia Gray Oul tolerates heat if it is watered well enough. When planting Gray Owl, you must observe the spacing between seedlings of 1.5 m.
Such varieties as Juniper Virginia Skyrocket and Blue Cloud are quite well known.

Juniper: healing and beneficial properties

Virginia Juniper is a colorful decorative tree; among its varieties, you can always choose the suitable option for the garden and park.


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