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Black-fruited currants of the varieties "Kiev Giant" and "Bashkir Giant", or "Ríbesnígrum", belong to deciduous shrubs of the species Currant, or "Ribes", the monotypic gooseberry family, or "Grossulariaceae".
Description and varietal features
Plants are strong, medium growth. Young shoots with pubescence, adult shoots of brown color. Foliage three-five-blade, dark green. Inflorescences are represented by drooping brushes. Five-membered flowers, bell-shaped, with oval petals. The sepals are bent outward, of an isletic type, rather wide.
|Grade name||Ripening period||Brushes and berries||Bush description||Productivity|
|"Kiev giant"||Mid-season grade||The brush is short. Berries of spherical shape, glossy black, very large, one-dimensional, weighing up to 7.2 g, with a dry separation, covered with a dense skin, sweet||Medium growth, upright type||About 5-6.2 kg from one bush|
|"Bashkir giant"||Medium early grade||Fruit brush medium or long, 8-12 berries. They are quite large, weighing 1.4−2.5 g, one-dimensional, rounded, black, shiny, with a dense skin. The pulp is juicy, tender and very fragrant.||Strong-growing, compact, at the fruiting stage - slightly spreading, dense||Up to 7.8 kg per productive, mature bush|
Advantages and disadvantages
Blackcurrant "Kiev Giant" and "Bashkir Giant" belong to the category of varieties that are popular and in demand in our country, which perfectly combine unpretentiousness and high yields. Description of varieties involves a significant number of advantages.
How to plant currants
|Grade name||Winter hardiness||Disease resistance||Taste rating||Autonomy|
|"Kiev giant"||Frost resistance up to minus 30 ° C||Fungal diseases and kidney mites were not observed.||4 points||Self-fertile|
|"Bashkir giant"||Frost resistance up to minus 35 ° C||On the Middle level||4.68−4.69 points||Self-fertile|
Harvest ripens at the same time. Falling berries during ripening is not observed. The varieties are characterized by good drought tolerance and relative unpretentiousness when grown in home gardening.
Ways to increase productivity
In currant cuttings, in the spring-summer period, the upper sprouting bud should be pinched after reaching a height of 20-22 cm. The branches growing from such a bud in the next spring period also need to be budded, when they reach a length of 9-10 cm. Thus, the growth of new shoots is stimulated, which will become super-bearing in about two years. In the following years, it is not recommended to trim the bushes, and the size of the berry will increase as a result of this procedure by one and a half times.
If abundant flowering is observed, after which the ovaries crumble, then it is recommended to conduct self-pollination, sprinkling flowers with a honey solution. To prepare such a solution in one liter of warm water you need to dilute 1 tbsp. a spoonful of honey. Thus, it is possible to attract bees, provide the best pollination and significantly increase the yield of berry culture. It has a positive effect on yield indicators and the use of drip irrigation system for bushes.
To obtain high productivity, planting bushes of blackcurrant is necessary at a distance of one and a half meters from each other. With a decrease in the distance between the bushes, the yield sharply decreases and the productive life expectancy of berry plants decreases. Also, to increase productivity, special top dressing is used in the form of an infusion of dried potato peel. This option of feeding is most effective at the stage of mass flowering and involves the consumption of three liters of infusion for each berry bush.
According to gardeners, the currant varieties "Kiev Giant" and "Bashkir Giant" really deserve attention. The berries are formed very large, with excellent taste. High winter hardiness indicators make it possible to grow these varieties not only in the central strip of Russia, but also in more northern regions, in the areas of so-called risky farming.
Currant: variety selection
In some years, berry bushes may be affected by anthracnose currants. If the first signs of the disease are detected, the berry should be sprayed with a solution of copper sulfate at the rate of 40−45 g of the drug per 10 liters of water. A good result gives the use of the drug "Hom" in the same dosage. For each adult productive plant, approximately 2-2.5 liters of such a solution should be consumed.
A distinctive feature of these two varieties is not only large-fruited, but also high productivity, as well as the suitability of the harvest for universal use. Berries at the stage of full ripening are not prone to shedding and perfectly tolerate transportation.