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Pheasant egg incubation mode and table of indicators at home

Pheasant egg incubation mode and table of indicators at home


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Pheasant breeding is a lucrative business. The meat of these birds is well sold in cafes and restaurants, dishes from them are an excellent treat for friends and family members. When pheasant eggs are incubated, the survival rate of the hatched chicks and their numbers greatly increase, rapidly increasing the number of birds on the farm. The final result depends on the knowledge of the intricacies of this process.

Pros and cons of incubation

Pheasants are rarely kept in private backyards, but there are farms that breed these birds. Female pheasant has poor nasi instinctliving, they abandon their nests, so an incubator for getting pheasants is the best solution.

the opportunity to get the first generation of birds from fertilized eggs, which significantly reduces the cost of the breeding process;

a large number of eggs are laid in the incubator, it becomes possible to sell chicks;

during incubation, high productivity is ensured, because pheasant females incubate hardly 1/3 of the laid eggs.

high costs at the initial stage of bird breeding;

knowledge and experience are needed to get healthy, strong chicks;

incubation times depend on the species of birds, often they can only be determined experimentally.

Before laying in the incubator, the eggs are sorted by size, they can be stored in a cool room for up to 2 weeks, after this period, the likelihood of the appearance of chicks is noticeably reduced.

Selection and storage

Pheasant eggs are gray or greenish in color, they are smaller than chicken eggs. When selecting, one should pay attention to their size and shape. For incubation, large specimens of the correct shape are selected, without growths and cracks in the shell.

Important: it is better to choose gray eggs for laying, from which chicks hatch much more often.

The selected incubation material is stored in the dark, at a temperature from +5 to +12 ° C. It is laid vertically, with a blunt end up. If eggs are to be stored for more than 3 days before incubation, they should be turned daily to prevent the yolk from sticking to the shell. Chicks will not hatch from such eggs.

The room should have good ventilation and humidity 60-70%. Before laying, the eggs are calibrated, those that are smaller are laid separately - the chicks hatched from such eggs are smaller and weaker than the rest of the livestock and require special attention, but quickly catch up with their fellows.

Disinfection and cleaning from dirt

Heavily soiled eggs are cleaned with a soft brush. It is not recommended to wash them. To prevent infection during incubation, all selected specimens are disinfected. They are placed for 3 minutes in a warm solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate), the temperature of the solution is +30 ° C. After that, the eggs must be removed from the solution and dried without wiping.

It is necessary to clean and disinfect the incubation material 1-2 hours after collection. Keep eggs clean. When cleaning and disinfecting, it should be borne in mind that pheasant eggs have a more fragile shell than chicken eggs.

Bookmarking in an incubator at home

You don't need a special incubator to breed pheasants. A variant of the system with which chickens, quails, and other poultry were brought out is quite suitable. The incubator must be clean, it is turned on in advance to warm it up, a day before laying the material. Eggs are kept in an incubator for 4-5 weeks.

Before laying, they are viewed with an ovoscope. The device allows you to select eggs without flaws (displaced air chamber, foreign inclusions). In fertilized specimens, a darker spot is clearly visible - the embryo.

Expert opinion

Zarechny Maxim Valerievich

Agronomist with 12 years of experience. Our best summer cottage expert.

The second check with an ovoscope is carried out 7-8 days after laying in the incubator. The embryo should enlarge and begin to move, specimens in which there is no movement are discarded.

Pheasant egg incubation table

In order for chicks to hatch from eggs, a certain temperature and humidity are required, at each stage of incubation and a special regime. Changing the parameters leads to the death of the embryo. Chicks hatch for 25-30 days, depending on the type of pheasants.

Incubation periodSet temperatureHumidityNumber of turns per dayAiring
1-7 days37,860-65 %Every 6 hoursDo not produce
8-14 days37,860-65 %Every 4-6 hoursDo not produce
15-21 days37,860-65 %After 4-6 hours1-2 times a day
22-24 days37,575-80 %

Eggs are turned over from 3 to 18 days of incubation. Babies hatch together, after birth, they are briefly left in the incubation chamber, allowing them to dry.

Further care for pheasants

After the chicks are completely dry, they should be fed and watered. This is done 6-12 hours after birth. Chicks are helpless, they do not know how to feed and drink on their own. To teach the chicks to eat, lightly tap on the food container; to drink, they lower their beak into the drinking bowl. Before the first feeding, the chicks are watered with boiled water. To improve appetite and protect against infections, pheasants are given a solution of glucose and biomycin to drink. 10-15 grams of 40% glucose and 0.25 grams of biomycin are added per liter of water.

In the early days, birds are not restricted in food. The first 2 weeks of life, chicks are fed during the day every 2 hours. At night, 2 feedings are enough, while the chicks are left with more food. From 3 weeks to 2 months - 6-7 times a day, up to 3 months - 4-5 times a day. After three months of age, the chicks are transferred to 3 meals a day, like adult birds.

On day 1, babies are given a finely chopped, hard-boiled chicken egg and a little nettle, the next day ant larvae and mealworm larvae are introduced into the diet, then food is diversified with green onion feathers. From the 15th day, pheasants are fed with refined crushed grain, once a week they are given boiled finely chopped meat. From the same age, salt, chalk, bone meal are introduced into the diet.

After 1.5 months, the grain is not crushed. The diet of birds should include corn, millet, wheat, oats. Additionally, vitamin complexes and fodder yeast are introduced into the diet. Babies should have strong legs, clear eyes and clean fluff. Healthy chicks are active and curious, they turn their heads intensively and squeak. Young animals are moved to open-air cages after 35-40 days.

What problems can you face

Eggs for incubation should be bought from specialized farms, when buying, breeders advise beginners, you can contact them with doubts and questions about the content. For pheasant chicks to drink, it is better to install nipple drinkers so that the little ones cannot get wet.

Nimble and shy pheasants begin to fly after 2-3 weeks of life. The aviary for chicks must be covered from above so that they do not scatter.

High-quality nutrition and maintenance of birds allows you to quickly form a broodstock and start earning on their breeding. Pheasants are easy to keep, they are not susceptible to most avian diseases. Birds naturally have strong immunity, in Chinese medicine pheasant meat is considered healing, it is used to recuperate after serious illnesses, and is recommended for people with cancer. Males are often bought as decorative birds due to their bright plumage. That is why the costs of breeding and keeping birds quickly pay off.


Watch the video: Get the correct humidity in your incubator (July 2022).


Comments:

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