Advice

Description of the remontant raspberry variety Caramel, planting berries and care

Description of the remontant raspberry variety Caramel, planting berries and care


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.

Raspberries are a tasty and healthy berry with healing properties. This made her the favorite of gardeners, chefs and connoisseurs. Particularly attractive is the remontant raspberry of the Caramelka variety, the description of which emphasizes the attractive aspects of the plant, its taste, benefits, unpretentiousness, the ability to get several harvests.

The history of breeding remontant varieties

Raspberries of the Caramelka variety were obtained (and registered) in 2016 by the Russian originator V.A. Shiblev.The repair plant is suitable for growing throughout the Russian Federation, but the creator advises using it as an annual crop in places with long winters.

Description and characteristics of Caramel

The plant of the variety has a medium-sized, low bush, with dark red straight stems with a minimum of thorns, evenly scattered along the branches. Leaves of medium size curl.

Berries weigh from 4 to 6 grams, there are also 8-12 grams. They have a rich aroma and sweet taste. The peduncle is completely detached. The pulp is dense, the berries tolerate transportation very well. The average yield is 5 kilograms per bush.

Pros and cons of raspberries

High productivity.

The ability to harvest crops mechanically.

Productivity.

Excellent taste characteristics.

Suitable for long-term storage and transportation.

Keeps quality fresh for 30 days.

Suitable for fresh and processed consumption.

Excellent taste, sugar content, minimal acidity.

Among the disadvantages of raspberries, one can emphasize the high cost of planting material, which is caused by a small number of offspring and replacement shoots.

The subtleties of growing

For the successful cultivation of raspberries of the Caramelka variety, it is necessary to follow the recommendations of the breeders.

Timing and selection of a suitable location

The plant is demanding on soil fertility, watering and the intensity of sunlight. Caramel is planted in open sunny places, on the south side of the site, away from trees and buildings, so that no shadow falls on the raspberries. The soil should be nutritious, loose, permeable to moisture. Raspberries of this variety require protection from the wind.

Preparation of planting material

Seedlings of remontant raspberry varieties Caramelka must have a formed root system, strong stems and large buds. There should be no dry leaves on them. Before planting, the plants are checked for diseases and pests - only completely healthy planting material can be planted.

Landing algorithm

Raspberries of the Caramelka variety are planted in spring, in March, before the start of sap flow and vegetation, or in autumn, in September, early October. Plants planted in autumn take root better and begin bearing fruit earlier.

From 3 to 5 bushes are planted per square meter at a distance of 70 centimeters from each other. Complex fertilizers are applied to the planting pits. The site for planting is pre-dug up and weeds are selected.

Care advice

Raspberries of the Caramelka variety are quite unpretentious, but they will grow well and bear fruit with careful regular care.

Watering and loosening

Bushes need abundant watering, but do not tolerate stagnant moisture. In a rainy summer and autumn, raspberries Caramel does not need additional moisture, but the soil surface must be loosened regularly. This helps to improve soil respiration, and also eliminates weed seedlings, to which the plant is sensitive.

In heat and drought, raspberries need to be watered. The amount of moisture depends on the density of the soil. On average, it takes up to 2 buckets of water per bush.

Top dressing

During the growing season, raspberries of the Caramelka variety are fed 3 times:

  1. At the beginning of growth, after the frost has receded. It is best to use organic feed such as chicken manure. From mineral resources, nitrogen fertilizers are applied in the amount of 15 grams per square meter of plantings.
  2. During flowering. During this period, potash fertilizer is applied (from 10 to 30 grams per 10 liters of water) and superphosphate (15-20 grams).
  3. After picking berries. Plants give all their strength to fruiting, so they need support. To do this, use organic matter, preferably humus or compost, at least a bucket per bush. With dry soil, it must be well wetted.

Compliance with the rules of feeding ensures a full harvest and excellent health of raspberries.

Garter to the trellis

Caramel has strong vertical stems, but with a large harvest or strong winds, it will have to be tied up. This will help prevent branch breakage and preserve all the berries. Also, the fastening on the trellis helps to ventilate the plants and provide uniform lighting, which serves as partial protection against a number of diseases.

Pruning

In the fall, all sprouted shoots are cut from the ground, leaving areas no more than 3 centimeters high. All cut and fallen leaves must be removed, since pests and pathogens can hibernate on plant residues. In the spring, only frozen, dried and damaged branches are cut.

Wintering

Raspberry Caramel is sensitive to frost and dry winds, therefore it is necessary to organize shelter and snow retention on the site. It is necessary to cover the plantings a week before the onset of persistent cold weather, otherwise the plants will be wiped out due to excess moisture.

Diseases and pests

Raspberries are susceptible to many diseases:

The disease and its signsTreatment methods
AnthracnoseCutting and burning damaged branches and leaves
Purple spot————
White spotPrevention: treatment before flowering in 14 days with 1% Bordeaux liquid, "HOM" (40 grams per 10 liters of water)
Ulcerative spot————
Rust1% Bordeaux liquid: 2 weeks before flower formation, 14 days after flowering and after harvesting
Bacterial root cancerDipping the root system in a solution of copper sulfate for 5-10 minutes
Witch's broomNot cured, plants are destroyed

Plantings are damaged by the following raspberry pests:

  1. Tick ​​- treated with "Koromite" after removing the affected branches and leaves.
  2. Mole - "Fastak", 3 milliliters per liter of water.
  3. Aphids - spraying with "Karate" or "Aktellik" before flowering and after the end of fruiting.
  4. Raspberry beetle and stem gall midge - "Karate" in May and June, 4 milliliters per 10 liters of water.
  5. Stem fly - before flowering, spray with "Aktellik" at the rate of 1 ampoule per 2 liters of water.

To avoid the massive spread of insects, you can regularly inspect the plantings and remove damaged parts.

Reproduction methods

Raspberries of the Caramelka variety propagate by root suckers and rooted cuttings, layers that form in the summer, bending young shoots and pinning them to the soil.

Harvesting and storage

You need to pick the berries in the afternoon, when there are no dew drops on them. They ripen unevenly, so choose ripe raspberries. At the bottom of the stems, Caramel can be buried in foliage, so the bush must be carefully examined.

Fresh raspberries can be stored without a refrigerator for up to 48 hours in a cool room; under specially created conditions, the shelf life can be extended to 5-7 days. For processing and freezing, fruits must be sent immediately, when they contain the maximum amount of nutrients and vitamins preserved during shock freezing.

Variety Caramel is suitable for making jam, jam, compote. They make a preparation for the winter from it - grind it with sugar. Such a vitamin composition must be stored in the refrigerator.


Watch the video: How to Grow Raspberries - Complete Growing Guide (May 2022).