How to use nitrophoska fertilizer for cucumbers correctly

How to use nitrophoska fertilizer for cucumbers correctly

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Many summer residents are wondering whether it is possible to feed cucumbers with nitrofos to obtain a bountiful harvest, and at what stages it should be done. Not everyone is a proponent of chemical fertilizers. But they have a direct effect on the quality of the fruit, on the healthy appearance and yield. Cucumbers are very fond of fertile land. Therefore, it is necessary to fertilize them, this must be done in several stages, at different stages of plant growth. You need to know how to do this in greenhouses and on open soil.

Sometimes, the appearance of vegetable crops can indicate a lack of minerals: poor yield, yellowness, irregular shape of fruits, increased foliage growth. For feeding cucumbers, there are azofosk, nitroammofosk, manure, diammophos, azofosk, borofosk, calcium nitrate and other chemical fertilizers. Each of these fertilizers has similarities in formulas, but differences in the compositions and amounts of chemical compounds. Top dressing is done several times over the summer until the harvest begins.

Description of nitrophoska, benefits

Nitrofoska is a classic fertilizer for vegetable crops. It is one of the most demanded fertilizers in the world and is used for cucumbers. The use of nitrophoska fertilizer for cucumbers has been studied for a long time.

It contains well-known beneficial chemical minerals: nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. They are part of the fertilizer as salts: ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrate, ammophos, potassium nitrate, superphosphate.

It is made using phosphorite and apatite oxide with the addition of other chemical elements. It is obligatory to make it in spring and autumn. Fertilizer is very convenient to use, as it is made and sold in a package, in the form of small yellow balls. Feeding is not difficult. The dosage is usually indicated on the bag and is different for all plants and different growth periods.

This type of fertilizer is applied several times before harvesting. It is especially important to use it before the cucumber seedlings are planted. First, the earth is loosened, then granules of this substance are poured. After planting the seedlings, they will take effect only after a few weeks. Usually 30 grams per square meter of planting is sufficient. Watering after fertilization is required.

Nitrophoska - very useful for increasing the ovary of fruits, for their accelerated growth... It also improves the taste of cucumbers, makes them sweeter, crisp. Summer residents should remember that overfeeding of plants is even worse than a shortage, you need to feed them in moderation and on time.

Application of nitroammophoska

Fertilization of nitroammophos cucumber plants has been carried out by gardeners for a long time. It is a mineral supplement that contains the required amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. Nitrogen is vital for cucumber plants when they are poured into greens for photosynthesis. Phosphorus is good for the roots as well as for accelerating growth. Potassium is the main element that is responsible for a bountiful harvest and fruit flavors. These are important substances that are needed during the growth period of cucumbers.

Their fruits constantly need nutrition. Also, fertilization will accelerate the growth of foliage and root systems. The second name that this fertilizer is called is azofoska.

The application can speed up the harvest, as well as increase its amount by 15 percent. Heo can be introduced both under the root of the plant and before planting it. The action takes place in several stages: first, the plant grows foliage, a green layer, and then, after a few weeks, fertilizer begins to assist in the formation of taste, shape, weight and number of fruits.

Usually nitroammofosk is diluted in a bucket of water 30-40 grams. They bring it in a glass for each bush. If the bushes are large, then the dose is increased. If the plants are in the open field, then feeding is not recommended on rainy days.

Nitroammophoska has its drawbacks: it is highly flammable, has a short shelf life, leaves behind nitrates in the soil, which are poorly absorbed by plants. But despite this, for summer residents it is a favorite among fertilizers for cucumbers.

Benefits of borofoska

Borofoska is another valuable type of fertilizer. Its composition is the same, it also contains phosphorus and potassium, but new substances have also been added: boron, magnesium and calcium. These chemical elements are necessary in the right amount for the full growth of fruits, as well as the development of the root system.

When a plant grows intensively, boron is vital for it. It improves the taste and also strengthens the immune system. Helps fight environmental changes, protects against hypothermia, strengthens the root system. Maintains normal soil acidity. It is simple to judge that the plants lack boron is simple: the ovary falls off, the flowers fall off, the fruits rot, do not gain the required size. This drug is used when planting in the ground, after fertilizing the soil with it, as well as several times during the flowering and ripening period of the fruit.

Borofoska provides accelerated seedling growth and fast flowering. Among the advantages, one can single out an increase in yield for cucumbers, an acceleration of ovary and growth, an increase in immunity, assistance in growing strong healthy shrubs, and an improvement in the taste of fruits. Agronomists recommend this particular fertilizer, since it does not contain chlorine, it contains the optimal ratio of all nutrients, it has an effect on foliage, roots and fruits, and prevents vegetables from getting sick.

The demand for this fertilizer is high, it is popular among summer residents, many prefer it for its versatility and broad action. How to use it is usually written on the package. It is important to follow the instructions and dosage so as not to make a mistake. Typically for cucumbers and tomatoes, this is 100 grams per square meter. Fertilizer is diluted in a bucket of water and mixed well. Gloves should be worn when handling chemicals to protect the skin of your hands. Borofosk can leave a chemical burn.

Other necessary fertilizers and their differences

Since cucumbers are very capricious about the quality of the earth, they need to be fed periodically. The land is in dire need of recycled manure. Then the quality and quantity of the harvest will increase significantly. In addition to universal fertilizers, such as nitrophoska, there are several well-known ones. These are urea, ammophos, ash, diammophoska, humus.

Urea is an excellent growth promoter, especially during fruiting. Diammofoska contains copper, silicon, magnesium, potassium, phosphorus. It helps to increase yields, affects the development of fruits and the root system. You need to be careful with urea, as it gives acidity to the soil. Cucumbers don't like soil that is too sour. Everything should be in moderation. Fertilizers must be added according to the instructions on the package.

Ash and manure also affect the quality of the yield; they help accelerate all biological processes of the plant. The peculiarity of ammophoska is that it also contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, but in a slightly different ratio. This type is not recommended to be applied in autumn, as it causes rapid foliage growth. They are fed before the beginning of fruiting.

Cucumber nutrition should not be disturbed. Overfeeding is also unacceptable. If this happens, the summer resident will notice immediately. The nutrition of greenhouse cucumbers can be easily disrupted: you can give too much, or vice versa, not enough. This can be determined visually. When flowering is delayed, nitrogen is too much. If there is too much phosphorus, then the leaves begin to turn yellow. Cucumbers grow more slowly, which means a lot of potassium.

Stages and rules of feeding

Fertilizing of cucumbers is carried out at all stages of their growth, from the beginning of sowing seeds to fruiting. As soon as seedlings appear in pots, you can feed them with nitrophos. This will speed up the growth rate of foliage and stem. When they have already been planted in the garden, nitrogen, phosphorus and magnesium are needed for flowering and fruiting. All fertilizers should be dissolved in water that has stood in a barrel for several days.

The ratio is indicated on the package. You can add chicken droppings and ammonium nitrate there.

In general, fertilization is required three to four times during the entire growth period of the cucumbers. After the first feeding - this should be done after three weeks, and then less often, but add a double dose. Among the substances that fertilize the earth, there are Azophoska, Borofoska and Nitrophoska.

Top dressing is necessary in the greenhouse and in the open field. The cucumbers are watched, they are watching how the flowering, ovary develops, whether the fruits are formed of the correct shape. And they draw conclusions what substances are needed in this case. If the leaves wither, the fruits do not set well, then the plants should be fed or watered more often. Ash is a very good addition to fertilization. It accelerates growth, protects against pests and makes the crop richer.

The very first top dressing in the garden is carried out before planting seedlings. The earth is enriched with useful chemicals and watered properly. Further, this is done three weeks later, as soon as the plant takes root and is ready to bloom. You need to feed the soil only with proven means, experiments are not suitable here. Chicken droppings contain a lot of nitrogen, so they can replace nitrophoska fertilizers if it is not available.

Many summer residents are interested in the question of whether it is possible to feed cucumbers during fruiting. This can be done, but by special means. After flowering, they need phosphate, ammonia and potassium. You can also spray cucumbers with this mixture. Azofoska will also work. Gently add urea, yeast, manure. As soon as the fruits ripen, the first days you need to water the crop more often.

In order for cucumbers to please with a bountiful harvest, excellent cucumber taste and a healthy look, they must be fed correctly. Summer residents need to study all the stages of laying fertilizers, as well as their types and actions. Have a good harvest!

Watch the video: WOW! Amazing Agriculture Technology - Cucumbers (July 2022).


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