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Ficus has long been breaking all records for popularity among plants in indoor floriculture. The reason for this demand lies in the perfect combination of a very unusual appearance and the absence of difficulties in the implementation of care. One of the pets of gardeners is the fig tree, or ficus Kinki.
Elegant and unusually decorative ficus Kinki, or Ficus Benjamina "Kinky", is a dwarf variety of the ficus Benjamin known to most gardeners. The homeland of this plant is the tropical forests of Asia, as well as the territory of Australia and West Africa. The plant belongs to the Mulberry family.
Small in size and fairly narrow foliage of this ficus has variegated staining. The leaves of light green color have a very pleasant cream or salad border color. In length, the leaves of the plant do not exceed four centimeters. Stems of a lignified type with the presence of falling branches.
Ficus Kinki: Transplant
Like almost all varieties of ficus, Kinki's indoor ficus does not require significant efforts and time-consuming flower growers to carry out care measures. The main condition for proper cultivation is compliance with simple and generally accepted rules in indoor floriculture.
Ficus of this species is characterized by heat lovingness, and even in winter, the temperature in the room should not fall below 15 degrees. The plant is very sensitive to drafts and exposure to direct sunlight. To provide a variegated color of foliage, you can place the plant under bright, but diffuse lighting.
On hot and too sunny days, ficus Kinki needs shading. The plant does not respond well to the flow of hot air coming from heating devices and heating systems. It is not recommended to often change the location of the ficus. In addition, with insufficient moisture, it is required to artificially increase it or at least perform systematic spraying.
Watering and feeding
In the spring and summer periods, Kinki ficus is actively growing and developing, which requires feeding twice a month. The best option is represented by the use of complex fertilizers.
Starting in the fall, the number of top dressings should be gradually reduced, and by the winter period such events should be completely stopped.
Irrigation should be carried out with standing water at room temperature. Irrigation of the plant is performed as the upper layers of the soil dry out. All excess water flowing into the pan under the flower pot should be removed immediately - this will protect the root system of the ficus from decay.
Two weeks after acquiring the ficus Kinki, it is recommended that the plant be transplanted into a looser flower pot. The best option is to use a ceramic or plastic container. The soil substrate is also subject to full replacement with a new, fertile soil. The soil mixture should be designed for growing ficus.
Ficus Kinki does not require too large a flower pot, which is due to the characteristics of the root system of this plant. It is recommended to transplant ficus every two years. Transplanting and selecting a flower pot should be based on the growth of the root system. Transplantation is carried out by the method of transshipment with the movement of the old lump of earth into a new flower pot and filling the free space with fresh soil.
Pruning ficus Kinki is carried out in order to form the crown of the plant. As a rule, several plants of this species are planted at once in one flower pot, which makes it possible to obtain ficus with a lush crown. It is allowed to carry out interweaving of lignified stems, which after some time grow together in the area of the base.
Single cultivation of ficus allows you to form a plant in the form of a miniature tree with an elegant, but not very lush crown. Ficus Kinki easily tolerates both formative and sanitary pruning, and you can also prune excess branches and leaves absolutely painlessly for a plant.
We also offer you to learn about the secrets of forming a beautiful and non-standard crown in ficus.
Diseases and Pests
One of the most common problems in indoor floriculture is leaf fall in a plant. As a rule, the ficus of Kinki discards foliage due to a change in the usual place of cultivation or as a result of an illiterate and inaccurate transplant of the plant into a new flower pot. Besides, loss of foliage is provoked by insufficient lighting, as well as drafts in the room.
As a rule, the cause of Kinki ficus diseases lies in fungal and infectious lesions, as well as attacks by pests, such as spider mites or shield aphids, which are activated if the room air is too dry. Besides, often flower growers face plant damage by diseases.
- Powdery Mildew manifested in the form of white plaque on a plant. Absolutely all infected foliage should be removed, and then it is necessary to treat the plant with a fungicide-based solution.
- Root rot which is the result of exposure to harmful bacteria. In this case, it will be necessary to replace the soil substrate and remove the affected roots of the houseplant.
It should be remembered that it is improper care that most often causes ficus diseases.
Ficus Kinki: Planting and Care
Ficus Kinki is very popular and has an interesting feature: the crown of this plant can be given almost any shape. In addition, the ficus is absolutely unpretentious and is able to easily tolerate minor errors in care.