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Amateur gardeners often ask themselves: what can be planted with tomatoes in a greenhouse? Not all gardeners and summer residents have the opportunity to grow greenhouse cucumbers and tomatoes.
Those who have installed a greenhouse on their site need to decide how to correctly use every centimeter of usable area in order to get the maximum benefit. When planting vegetable crops, their compatibility with each other should be considered, which can be planted together.
Characteristics of culture
Tomatoes belong to the nightshade family. They were brought from South America. They are found there as a wild plant. In our country, tomatoes are classified as the main crops. They are rarely watered, but with plenty of water.
Humidity is destructive for them. They are susceptible to various fungal diseases. Light is as important to them as sufficient fresh air. In insufficient light, the plants stretch out strongly, the leaves dry out and brighten. Consider what you can plant with tomatoes.
What can be planted with tomatoes in spring and summer
Can, under certain conditions, get along with cucumbers, bell peppers and eggplant tomatoes in the same greenhouse. Plants that are compatible with tomatoes are radishes, garlic and onions.
Only onions with tomatoes are planted that will then be used as green. With its phytoncidal properties, garlic helps tomatoes in the fight against late blight, which they are more susceptible to than other nightshades. Some gardeners collect garlic arrows, insist on alcohol and spray tomatoes.
Strawberries and wild strawberries take root well next to tomatoes. These plants, as well as tomatoes, love a lot of air and light, are not afraid of drafts, on the contrary, airing is good for them, in addition, the process of natural pollination of both is underway. Strawberries with a combined planting together with tomatoes are planted in a proportion of 60x45.
Lemon balm, celery, parsley, and basil can also be considered excellent neighbors for tomatoes. When growing lemon balm and basil next to tomatoes, a significant improvement in the taste of tomatoes was noticed.
Any neighborhood of the listed vegetables will be useful if the tomato bushes are tied up so as not to interfere with the penetration of light.
Usually, when planting the main crops, the aisles and edges of the beds are left unoccupied. In this case, it is advisable to plant mustard, lettuce, rhubarb and radish in a greenhouse together with tomatoes. Moreover, they can be planted when the tomatoes have just emerged from the ground, and harvested when the tomatoes grow so much that they occupy the entire area in the garden. And then only the main crops remain on the beds, for the sake of which the planting in the greenhouse was planned.
What they plant in frost
The greenhouse can be used not only in spring and summer, but also in cold weather. For this, the greenhouse must be properly insulated. And then, together with tomatoes, it is permissible to grow watermelons, strawberries, and also plant strawberries and melons. Not every gardener can share the experience of how to grow a watermelon in a greenhouse. The fact is that melons and gourds require a special approach. Tomatoes cannot grow without sufficient ventilation in the greenhouse.
On the contrary, watermelon and melon do not like drafts. This is the main reason why melons and gourds are grown separately from other vegetables. In general, experienced gardeners do not allow the greenhouse to be idle for a long time out of season.
What can be grown in a greenhouse this time of year? On the recommendation of many amateur gardeners, vegetable seedlings can be planted in the greenhouse. With the onset of spring, it can be transferred to the ground. This procedure will have a beneficial effect on the yield of the main crops.
As soon as the weather conditions are favorable, the seedlings can be sent to the garden beds, and space is made available in the greenhouse for the main horticultural crops. The soil is already prepared, cultivated, which is conducive toplants grow quickly and a good harvest is expected afterwards.
What can you plant with tomatoes in the fall
Greens are planted in the autumn, and thus the greenhouse is not idle and is used all year round. So which neighbors are tomato-friendly? Asparagus beans are planted with tomatoes. In a greenhouse, it can yield a much higher yield than in outdoor soil. By combining the planting of these two crops, you can get a much larger crop and tomatoes.
Moreover, beans and tomatoes help each other if the planting is done by alternation in the beds. In a greenhouse with tomatoes, beets feel great. Such a neighborhood is good for them.
Beets do not interfere with tomatoes, but tomatoes can slightly darken the beet planting sites, and therefore you need to harvest them earlier.
Recently, mixed plantings have become very popular: tomatoes, spinach, strawberries, watercress, savory and parsley. It is important to properly prepare the heifer. It is filled with organic soil in the fall, then in the spring it is additionally fertilized with manure, and finally, fertile soil is brought in. This composition is ideal for growing vegetables and herbs.
With this approach, it is important to determine which beds will host the main crops and leave them empty or fill them with fast growing plants such as Chinese cabbage seedlings or leafy turnips. You can use agents for accelerated growth, then they will have time to ripen before the tomatoes are planted.
When planting seeds of lettuce leaves, Chinese cabbage and spinach in March, small containers are used in which sawdust is soaked in advance. At the same time, the seeds are not sown thickly, because the growing plants will stay in containers for more than a month. The containers are put in bags, they must be opened so that oxygen is available.
After the seeds have sprouted, they are sprinkled with a small layer of soil. Seedlings are taken out of packages and placed in an open place, on the windowsill. As soon as the weather conditions permit, the plants can be planted in the greenhouse.
Before planting, the seedlings are watered abundantly, which helps to neatly separate the bushes without damaging the roots. It is important not to overexpose seedlings in sawdust. Long stay in this soil deprives the plant of nitrogen. Before planting in the soil, garlic and bulbs need to be poured with a small amount of water in shallow containers. In a greenhouse, they should be located on one small bed tightly to each other. When the time comes to plant the tomatoes, the greens should already be harvested.
What plants are best not to plant
Tomatoes do not do well with other crops. Many gardeners never plant them with cucumbers. The neighborhood can adversely affect the harvest of both crops. They need to create a different microclimate. Tomatoes need dry air with frequent ventilation, they need to be watered rarely, but abundantly.
Cucumbers, on the other hand, love moisture and frequent, but not abundant watering. They can be planted in the same greenhouse, but in different locations. When placed next to tomatoes, cucumbers begin to ache, wither and rot.
The same happens when the greenhouse is often ventilated. In addition, the curly tendrils of cucumbers can braid the stems of tomatoes, thereby interfering with their growth. Tomatoes, on the other hand, from frequent watering and high air humidity can become covered with a fungus.
Greenhouse fennel and peas interfere with tomato growth. But, at the same time, peas are compatible with cucumbers. Tomatoes and potatoes cannot be grown together in a greenhouse. Compatibility can only be achieved if potatoes are grown from seed. Tomatoes and cabbage do not get along well together. Especially its varieties such as kohlrabi and colored.
Plants placement methods
If necessary, you can plant tomatoes along with other crops. Planting incompatible vegetables in the greenhouse or not is everyone's business, but there is a way out. Experienced gardeners propose to rationally use the entire area of the greenhouse and apply the correct organization of planting. With a rational approach, you can not only not harm the growth of the crop, but also increase it by 30%.
There are several ways to place incompatible plants in the greenhouse. The design of the greenhouse itself plays an important role here. If it has two entrances and there is enough space for planting vegetables, then 3 beds are dug first. Tomatoes are planted on the central bed, since this part is the most ventilated.
Cucumbers are located in the southern part of the greenhouse, eggplants on the northern side. Even with this approach, experts do not recommend planting cucumbers with tomatoes. This is due to the fact that the care for their cultivation is completely different.
If the greenhouse has one door and a window, then the layout of the planting material is as follows: tomatoes are placed opposite the door, while separating them from other plants using a film. You can also use sheets of plywood or slate.
Most gardeners who use this planting method prefer film. Cucumbers are planted behind tomatoes, followed by eggplants. That is, the most heat-loving and draft-resistant vegetables are located in the center. It is preferable to plant peppers under the window. This culture loves coolness.
It is possible to plant all these crops in a greenhouse together if there is a need for this, but in this case one must be prepared for something that is insignificant, but the yield will still fall. Considering that the problem of compatibility of various vegetable crops is known to many gardeners and gardeners, greenhouse manufacturers began to produce designs with various internal modifications.
When installing them on the site, internal partitions and ceilings are exposed. With the help of them, you can design separate "rooms" for planting plants at your discretion. At the same time, each separate room will have its own microclimate, which will enable many gardeners to grow different vegetable crops at the same time, combine the incompatible and get a full harvest. And then there will be no dilemma of what to plant with tomatoes.