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Dwarf ficus, or Ficus Pumila White Sani (from the Latin Ficus pumila), belongs to the Mulberry family and under natural conditions is quite common in the forest strip in China, as well as in Taiwan, Vietnam and Japan.
Dwarf ficus is a climbing, or ground cover, highly branching herbaceous perennial with thin lignified stems. In indoor floriculture, the most popular variegated varieties:
- dwarf "Sunny" with an uneven and intermittent creamy white border on the edge of the leaves;
- dwarf "White Sunny" with a more even and continuous whitish line along the edge of the leaves;
- dwarf "Dorte" with white spots on a green background of leaves.
The foliage of young dwarf ficus plants has small sizes and short petioles. The average leaf length does not exceed 3 centimeters. They are located alternately. Leaf plates are simple, oval, one-piece and have a weak heart base. A feature of the surface of the sheet is leatheriness and density. Slight bubbly wrinkling of the upper part may be observed. With age, the size of the leaves increases.
On the shoots, berry-shaped inflorescences, or siconia, are formed, which have a pear-shaped and orange color. At home, ficus shoots of age do not form and do not bloom.
A plant of this species perfectly cleans the air in the room and is among the natural "conditioners". In addition, this unpretentious, but very original plant causes exceptionally positive emotions among gardeners and perfectly cheers up. Very often, a plant such as Pumila White Sani is used as a groundcover in flower arrangements.
How to care for ficus
Evergreen creeper of Pumila White Sani with long and creeping shoots has a characteristic species feature, which manifests itself in age-related variability, which suggests some features of care.
Lighting is preferable to use bright, but diffuse. The variegated form feels great under the sun's rays, and insufficient lighting can negatively affect the condition of the plant, which will be reflected in shredding of the leaves and stretching of the shoots. It is very good to arrange ficus on the eastern or western windows.
In summer, the plant should provide a temperature in the range from 18 to 25 degrees. In the cold season, it is permissible to lower to 10 degrees Celsius with reduced watering and lower air humidity. It should be remembered that the formation of air roots, with which the plant clings to the supports, depends on moisture indicators.
Watering and feeding
Pumila White Sani is one of the rather water-loving species and requires regular and plentiful irrigation activities. The soil in the flower pot should be constantly moist, but the bay of the plant should not be allowed. Overdrying an earthen coma causes the death of a dwarf ficus, which is due to the presence of a weak and superficial root system in the plant, not able to receive moisture from the bottom of the flower pot. Overmoistening of the plant provokes the process of rotting of the roots and can lead to the death of ficus.
At the stage of active vegetation, the plant needs to be fertilized once or twice a week. A good result is the use of ready-made liquid fertilizers for indoor plants or decorative foliage. In winter, top dressing is not recommended.
Transplanting a ficus of this kind after acquisition is not required. It is recommended to give the plant some time to acclimatize and adapt to new growing conditions. Young dwarf ficuses of Pumila White Sani need to be transplanted annually. It is better to transplant in the spring by transplanting a plant with an earthen lump into a larger pot.
Transplantation of already adult and old plants is carried out no more than once every three years. The flower pot for Pumila White Sani should not be too deep, but wide enough. It is advisable to use a ready-made soil substrate saturated with all the nutrients necessary for the growth and development of ficus.
In the spring, it is recommended to carry out sanitary pruning of dwarf ficus Pumila White Sani, which consists in removing all old and damaged, as well as dried and unproductive stems. If necessary, to make the plant more compact, it is allowed to shorten the shoots to the required length.
We also offer you to read an article about Sacred Ficus.
Dwarf ficuses are little susceptible to damage by insect pests, but in a dry and hot microclimate on the plant spider mites can start, which should be disposed of with a warm shower. The procedure should be repeated until the ticks are completely destroyed.
Most often, you can observe diseases caused by improper care of the plant:
- falling of foliage is most often the result of waterlogging of the soil, low temperature, insufficient lighting or drafts;
- yellowing and falling of leaves can be observed with insufficient nutrition of the plant or weak root activity caused by the presence of too dense or acidified soil, as well as with rotting of the roots as a result of overmoistening;
- wrinkling and drying of the leaves may be the result of sunburn, too dry air or drying out the soil in a flower pot.
Ficus: variety selection
It should be borne in mind that any dwarf ficuses, including the variety Pumila White Sani, react to unfavorable conditions, as well as to a sharp change in the environment, first of all by rapid dropping of leaves. At the first signs of a plant getting rid of the leaves, the regime of care should be reviewed and the microclimate indoors should be correctly regulated.