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How to properly instill female sea buckthorn on male, timing and methods

How to properly instill female sea buckthorn on male, timing and methods


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One of the ways to reproduce sea buckthorn is grafting. A male stalk is grafted to a female tree, which makes it possible not to grow different trees nearby. Asking the question of how you can inoculate a female sea buckthorn on a male one, you will need to understand all the nuances of the procedure in order to avoid mistakes.

Benefits of grafting sea buckthorn

Grafting berry crops allows you to increase the yield and grow different types of sea buckthorn on the tree. Reproduction is based on feeding the young shoot with nutrients through the roots.

The advantages of grafting sea buckthorn include the following:

  • the ability to harvest a new variety without planting a separate tree;
  • shortening the ripening period;
  • saving space at the summer cottage;
  • replacing a variety you did not like with another variety with the help of a viable powerful rootstock;
  • cultivation of varieties that are not adapted to the peculiarities of the climate in the growing region.

Required tools

The correctness of the procedure for grafting a cutting to a planting largely depends on the devices used for grafting.

To plant sea buckthorn, you will need:

  1. A garden knife used to form cuttings and to cleanse the cut on the trunk.
  2. A curving knife with a concave blade that spreads the bark.
  3. Copulating knife with a straight blade for making bevel or straight cuts.
  4. Grafting secateurs with different attachments.

All of the listed tools should be well sharpened as this will simplify the workflow. Also, to carry out the propagation of sea buckthorn, plastic wrap may be required to fix the new cutting on the tree.

Dates of the

Vaccination of sea buckthorn is carried out in stages, and the exact timing depends on weather conditions. Young and strong shoots, about two years old, are cut from the sea buckthorn in late November - early December. Then the cuttings are placed in storage under low temperature conditions, and with the onset of spring, the stock is performed.

After a warm winter, when there is no chance of freezing of young branches, it is allowed to choose cuttings for propagation in late March or early April. Selected cuttings are wrapped in plastic wrap to prevent drying out, and then placed in the refrigerator or placed in a cool room.

The recommended time for inoculation is at the beginning of the spreading of the integumentary scales of the kidney in the rootstock used, which most often occurs towards the end of April.

How to plant sea buckthorn?

There are several ways of grafting sea buckthorn, which differ in the nuances of their conduct. It is recommended that you familiarize yourself with the different options and the features of their implementation in order to choose the appropriate method.

For the bark

The bark grafting method should be used for more mature plantings, when the diameter of the rootstock will exceed the diameter of the cutting. It is important to take into account that the diameter of the rootstock branch must exceed the thickness of the scion.

The vaccination procedure is as follows:

  1. In the fall, a stalk is selected and prepared in advance. A young shoot with 2-3 formed buds is best suited.
  2. At the end of the cutting, a cut is left at an angle of 45 degrees.
  3. The stock is pruned so that it is docked with the cut on the scion. The depth of the cuts must be identical.
  4. Using the budding knife, lift the bark on the rootstock and place the shoot in the split. On either side, the stock and the scion are combined according to the educational tissue.
  5. The vaccination site is wrapped with plastic wrap or a special grafting tape. The upper part of the cutting is treated with garden pitch.

Copulation

The copulation method is suitable for immature seedlings and adult plantings. The main requirement for copulation is the same diameter of the scion and rootstock. Before performing the procedure, it is necessary to prepare the stock. If the grafting is carried out on a young seedling, then the sea buckthorn trunk is shortened a couple of centimeters above the root collar.

Then the most powerful and healthy shoot is chosen, and the rest are cut off. The shoot is grown within 3-4 months. In order for the stalk to actively thicken, the lateral stepsons are cut off at a distance of 15 cm from the lower base. When the stock grows up, proceed to direct reproduction.

The process includes the following steps:

  1. An incision is made on the rootstock up to 3 cm deep. An identical cut is left on the handle under the kidney located below.
  2. Having retreated one third from the end of the sections, a tongue is formed, the length of which should not reach the incision. To form the tongue, a sharpened knife is placed perpendicular to the cut and pressed, shifting the blade to the right and down.
  3. The incisions formed on the rootstock and scion dock with each other.
  4. The junction of the cutting is wrapped with plastic wrap. The material is wound in a clockwise direction. If cracks form, they can be filled with garden varnish.

Post-vaccination care

The peculiarities of caring for a berry crop depend on the chosen method of inoculation. After copulation, the result can be seen in 10-15 days. If the cutting takes root on the plant, then shoots will grow on it. In the case when the buds on the cuttings bloom, but do not continue to develop and dry out, this means that the shoot has not taken root.

On each properly engrafted cuttings, several shoots are formed. When they grow up to 10 cm in length, it is necessary to choose the most developed one, and for everyone else, pinch the top.

After the grafting on the bark, when the growth of the cutting stops, the stepsons growing from the bottom are shortened. The overgrowth under the rootstock is removed so that it does not absorb nutrients and does not reduce the immunity of young seedlings. To ensure the direction of the juices to the place of the rootstock, it is allowed to leave buds under it. In this case, shoots will be formed from them, which need to be pinched.

The rest of the sea buckthorn care is performed in the standard mode. For the development and fruiting of trees, it is necessary to irrigate, loosen the ground, and carry out protective spraying to combat diseases and pests.

Distribution of the error of summer residents

When grafting sea buckthorn, many novice gardeners often make common mistakes. By becoming familiar with possible errors and the correct technology, a number of problems can be prevented.

When performing the procedure, you need to know the following nuances:

  1. The stalk should not be grafted into a small branch that dries up after fruiting, but into a large branch growing from the sunny side. This way, new cuttings will not waste away.
  2. When copulating, the optimal scion size is 5-10 cm. On shorter or overly long branches, the rootstock may not take root.
  3. Despite the plasticity of the berry culture under external influences, it is necessary to make cuts and carry out further actions in a short period of time. Otherwise, you can harm the plant.

It is important to store the cuttings under suitable conditions to ensure quick and correct growth.


Watch the video: Vestige Sea Buckthorn in Hindi (July 2022).


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