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Chrysanthemums - a prototype of the sun, adorn gardens for several centuries. Thanks to the selection work of their inflorescences, baskets acquired a variety of colors: from dark, almost black shades, to snow-white and bright rainbow. In nature, there are about three dozen species of chrysanthemums, but Santini, known in the field of floristry, is a completely artificial hybrid, bred in the agronomic laboratories of the Netherlands.
Santini chrysanthemums are a small-flowered culture with a flower basket diameter of up to 5 cm. The bush of these plants is small, quite compact and branched. On each plant grows up to 30 full inflorescences. It is for this ability that florists appreciate this variety of chrysanthemums.
Depending on the variety of chrysanthemum, Santini has a different shape of leaves and flower baskets. In some, leaf blades are almost invisible due to the small width, while in others they resemble asters in shape and size.
Inflorescences of these chrysanthemums can be:
- simple (chamomile)
- pompoms (spherical).
The root system of Santini chrysanthemums differs little from other species. The average thickness of the rhizomes are located at a shallow depth.
Even in cut form, Santini chrysanthemums retain their brightness and cheerfulness for a long time. They are successfully grown as a greenhouse or potted crop. With the proper approach, this type of chrysanthemum can please you with bright colors all year round.
The best varieties of chrysanthemums Santini
Among the huge variety of varieties of Santini subspecies, there are both very unusual flowers in shape and color, as well as “daisies” familiar to everyone. The varieties listed in the table are considered the most popular among amateur gardeners and professionals.
|Grade name||Inflorescence Description|
|Jeannine Orange||Bright orange-orange inflorescences, darker in the center and light along the edges. The inflorescence is semi-double, with a diameter of not more than 5 cm.|
|Yellow ring||Simple and therefore charming chamomile inflorescences with few white petals and a greenish center. The diameter of the flowers does not exceed 4-5 cm.|
|Yoko ono||The most unusual variety! Compact dense pompoms of bright emerald color keep on thin, but elastic stems. Ideal for decoration of unusual shaped bouquets.|
|Cadena Lil||Terry inflorescence up to 4 cm in diameter with a bright gradient color - in the center, the chrysanthemum is pinkish-lilac, along the edges pinkish-white.|
|Confetti||A simple chamomile inflorescence with pink-white petals and a bright green center. The diameter of each flower is 5 cm.|
|Lunetta Orange||Very beautiful simple inflorescences with elongated salmon-colored petals and a yellow-green center.|
|Madiba Rose||Simple inflorescences with pale pink semicircular petals and a yellowish-green center. The maximum diameter of the flowers is 3-4 cm.|
|Noki||Terry inflorescences are white in color with a greenish center. Diameter - no more than 5 cm.|
|Paintball sunny||Pompon inflorescences of bright yellow color with a diameter of about 4-5 cm.|
|Cyril||Unusual terry-shaped inflorescences with tubular short white petals in the center and long simple ones at the edges.|
Already today, about a hundred varieties of Santini chrysanthemum have been bred. And any of them can be grown on your own plot, in an apartment or a greenhouse.
Santini chrysanthemums propagate exclusively by cuttings, since they are a hybrid and can only retain their qualities. For roots to appear on the prepared planting material, they must be placed in boxes with wet sand or a special nutrient mixture at a temperature of 20 to 22 degrees and a humidity of at least 80%. Under such conditions, cuttings take root a week later.
Another way of propagating Santini chrysanthemums is to divide the bush. You can do this at any time, even during the period of active flowering, by carefully dividing the bush into several parts with a garden knife.
The place for chrysanthemums should be well lit by the sun, and the soil is preferably fertile and light. DFor good branching and the formation of many inflorescences, daylight hours should last 14-18 hours. Lack of light can lead to the fact that the flowers will not have a good terry. It is important to pay attention to the likelihood of flooding of the selected area. Chrysanthemums do not tolerate wetting of the roots, therefore, when planting in a lowland, it is important to provide them with drainage or to build a drainage system by digging small grooves along the bed perimeter and filling them with gravel or other material.
The soil under chrysanthemums needs to be thoroughly cleaned of extraneous roots, seasoned with humus, so that throughout the growing season the plants do not need nutrients. The distance between plants should be left small - about 30 cm, and between compact-sized varieties - about 25 cm.
After planting, young Santini chrysanthemums are well watered and mulched.
Chrysanthemums: features and care
Chrysanthemums love light and moderate temperatures. The growth of shoots in the species Santini begins at 4-7 degrees above zero. Young shoots can withstand short-term frosts of up to -3 degrees, but the inflorescences die already at 0 degrees. Winter frosts can also damage plantings in the open ground, so in late autumn it is better to cover them with mulch or spruce branches.
Interesting fact! The Santini variety, unlike other chrysanthemums, does not need to form a bush. With properly organized care, they become compact and luxuriant on their own.
In recent years, growing chrysanthemums in containers has become popular. The Santini variety is suitable for this, since it does not differ in the large size of the bushes and a powerful root system. Nevertheless, the capacity for planting plants should be spacious and equipped with a thick layer of broken brick or other drainage. For the winter, such containers are transferred to the basements or to the apartment, where they set the backlight for further flowering of chrysanthemums.
The basis of chrysanthemum care is watering, top dressing and timely weed and pest control. In the first days after planting at a permanent place, watering should be daily and plentiful (but without stagnation of water!). Further, as the leaves grow, they switch to moderate watering 2-3 times a week. With the beginning of flowering, the soil under the plants should not be very moist, so watering is reduced to 2 times a week.
Watering can be combined with top dressing with complex fertilizers or its individual types:
- at the beginning of the active formation of the root system, stems and leaves - with ammonium nitrate (up to 15 g per square meter of planting in open ground and up to 10 g in greenhouses or containers);
- as the leaf mass grows, potash components are introduced into the dressing (not more than 8-12 g per square meter);
- during the formation of buds, it is recommended to use fertilizing with phosphorus and potassium for flowering plants (Kemira, Kristallin, etc.).
Particularly grateful chrysanthemums respond to foliar top dressing. In this case, it is better to use ready-made complexes in accordance with the instructions.
Important! The application of any fertilizer should be stopped at the time of staining the buds.
Even in years favorable for growth and flowering, chrysanthemum is attacked by slugs, mining flies and aphids. The control of these pests is possible only with the timely use of special tools:
- granules "Metaldehyde" (from slugs);
- the drug "Spark" (from gnawing insects).
In unfavorable years, root preparations and powdery mildew will help get rid of drugs that are added directly to the soil - “Skor” or “Fitosporin”.
We also offer you to read an article about Korean chrysanthemums.
The view of Santini looks great in border and art plantings, when the bushes blooming with multi-colored small balls or daisies can be a real composition. They are suitable for rabatok, group plantings and as a frame for garden paths or garden design objects. Chrysanthemums look beautiful in single plantings on a green lawn.
How to grow chrysanthemums at home
Combination with other plants
Santini Chrysanthemums are an excellent companion for monochromatic or variegated conifers whose greens will be tinted by the colorful blooming of buds. This culture goes well with silver elimus. A beautiful combination is obtained with the joint planting of chrysanthemums with cosmea, coleus and marigolds. Calendula and snapdragons can complement the beauty of a flower garden filled with chrysanthemums.