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Features of hydrangea cultivation in the Urals

Features of hydrangea cultivation in the Urals

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Hydrangea (Hydrángea) belongs to the genus of flowering plants, the Hydrangea family. Currently, approximately 70-80 species of this amazingly beautiful plant are known. Even hydrangeas planted alone can transform the homestead territory, therefore flower growers are very willing to grow them in different regions of our country.

Features of climatic conditions of the Ural region

In the Urals, the most widespread mountain-podzolic soils. In the northern part of the region mountain taiga and podzolic type of soil prevail. On the western and eastern slopes, podzolic and marsh-peat soils. In the Urals, on the territory of the Kurgan and Perm region, gray forest soils with areas of leached chernozems are found. The Trans-Urals are represented by sod-podzolic, gray forest and marsh-peat soils. Well-developed mountain forest gray soils, as well as mountain meadow soils, are frequent in the Southern Urals.

The weather and climatic conditions in the Urals are typically mountainous; therefore, an uneven distribution of precipitation is observed not only in different regions, but also within one particular region. The West Siberian Plain is characterized by a rather harsh continental climate. In the mountainous regions of Western Siberia, climatic conditions are milder. To the west of the Ural Mountains, more rainfall, rather high humidity. There is much less rainfall in the Trans-Urals, and the climate here is drier, with pronounced continentality.

The best varieties of hydrangeas for growing in the Urals

In the Ural region, the temperature in the winter months often stays below 35-40 ˚С. Such conditions for most types of hydrangeas, including large-flowered, oak-leaved, garden and petiole, are critical. In the flower gardens of garden plots and household plots in the Urals, the most popular and demanded are hydrangea tree and panicled. These are the most winter-hardy and unpretentious plants from the Hortense family.

Panicled hydrangea, or Hydrangea paniculata, is represented by several varieties.

Grade nameGrade characteristicsBloomWinter hardiness
"Dart's Little-Dot"Dwarf variety with plants up to 0.8 m high, milky white flowers, blooming pink, collected in round and flat inflorescencesJuly to end of AugustUp to -29 ° С
"Limelight 'Pieter Zwijnenburg Jr."The height of the plant can reach 250 cm. Inflorescences up to 12 cm long. At the initial stage of flowering, they are creamy white with a greenish-yellow tint, and turn pink in the fallStarting from July to the last decade of SeptemberHigh
"Kyushu"The height of the plant and the diameter of the crown of the bush is up to 300 cm. The crown is fan-shaped. Shoots are hard, reddish-brown in color, upright. The flowers are white, fragrant, collected in long and wide inflorescences.From the last decade of July to mid-OctoberHigh
"Vanille Fraise"The height of the plant and the diameter of the crown do not exceed 1.5 m. The inflorescences are large, the flowers are creamy white, later turn pink, by the end of flowering they turn dark red. The hue gamut of flowers depends on the place of cultivation, weather conditions and the quality of the soilFrom July to the second decade of SeptemberUp to -29 ° С
"Unique"The height of the plant and the diameter of the crown do not exceed 250 cm. The flowers are white, at the stage of flowering they turn pinkFrom July to the second decade of SeptemberUp to -34 ° С

Quite popular and adapted to growing conditions in the Urals, tree hydrangea, or Hydrangéa arboréscens. The plant is unpretentious, shade-tolerant and fairly winter-hardy. In the past few years, several new and very promising varieties of this hydrangea have been bred.

Hydrangea: care and pruning

Grade nameGrade characteristicsBloomWinter hardiness
"Bella Anna" from the series "Endless Summer"The saturated colors of burgundy-pink flowers are collected in large inflorescences. Bush height not more than 0.9 mFrom July to significant autumn frostsUp to -34 ° С
BountyThe height of the plant can reach 1 m. The bushes are quite compact, spherical inflorescences, slightly flattened, with the pistachio blossom, and then milky white.July to SeptemberHigh
"Hayes Starburst"Plant height 1.20-1.50 m. Spreading crown and abundant flowering. Terry-type, large, spherical-shaped inflorescences with star-shaped flowers of greenish-white or greenish-creamy colorFrom July to the second decade of SeptemberUp to -34 ° С
"Incrediball"Up to 1.30 m high. Large enough white flowers with a noticeable yellowish-green tintJuly to SeptemberUp to -29 ° С
"Invincibelle Spirit"Pinkish, very attractive flowers are collected in semicircular, fairly large inflorescences. The bush grows to 1.80 m in height. The plant needs competent tying and is not at all afraid of winter freezing of terminal shootsJuly to SeptemberHigh

All of the above varieties tolerate Ural frosts quite well in winter, but for recently planted and young plants it is recommended to equip a light shelter that protects hydrangea from freezing. Tree and panicle hydrangea look very impressive and attractive when grown in a standard form. With the help of targeted shaping pruning carried out over four seasons, it is possible to obtain a very original and unusual standard tree.

Dates and rules of landing

Planting hydrangeas can be carried out in early spring or autumn. In the climatic conditions of the Urals, it is best to plant this flowering plant in the spring. Planting and growing hydrangea gardening does not present special difficulties not only for experienced but also for beginner gardeners.

Plants are planted in well-lit or with some shading areas with a distance between seedlings of 1-1.5 m. Do not deepen the root neck. The dimensions of the landing pit should be 35 x 35 x 35 cm. It is recommended that a third bucket of high-quality humus and high peat be added to the pit. The branched root system of the planted plant must be carefully straightened. Immediately after planting, hydrangeas need to be watered abundantly.

Cultivation and care

To grow a beautifully flowering and healthy plant, you must adhere to standard care measures. Caring for hydrangeas is simple and, in addition to pruning, is not much different from caring for any other shrubs grown in open ground.

EventFeatures and Technology
WateringWater should be soft, well-settled, room temperature. Watering is carried out in the morning or in the evening, at the rate of a pair of buckets of water for each adult bush
Top dressingThe first fertilizer application is carried out in the spring, and further fertilizing is carried out in June and at the flowering stage. As a top dressing, it is recommended to use a mixture of 10 g of urea, superphosphate, potassium nitrate with the addition of fermented bird droppings in a ratio of 1: 10 with water
Spring pruningBe sure to remove all damaged and frozen shoots, as well as prune weak and painful branches that slow down plant growth. Annual shoots need to be shortened to four buds
Autumn pruningAll dried inflorescences should be removed from the bushes. If necessary, rejuvenate plants, remove all shoots, except for the five most powerful and well developed
Shelter for the winterYou can bend the plant to the ground and cover it with lapnik or use any non-woven garden covering material for wrapping the aerial part. Trunk circles in the autumn period are necessarily mulched with peat or sawdust

Quite rarely, plants can be affected by powdery mildew or chlorosis, and also be damaged by aphids or spider mites. To stop the development of the disease or relieve hydrangea from pests, you should regularly inspect the plant and, if necessary, use insect-fungicidal agents.

Types and varieties of hydrangeas

You can grow beautiful flowering plants almost everywhere, including in the difficult climatic conditions of the Ural region. Beautiful hydrangea is no exception: it is grown by many local growers. The main condition for success is the right choice of variety and competent care of the plant.