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Technical grape varieties are intended for processing into wine materials and making juices. Such varieties are balanced in sugar content and acidity, which makes them popular for winemaking.
Features and purpose
Technical grape varieties form completely edible and attractive berries, which differ from the more widely used table sizes and chemical composition. The weight of a bunch of grapes of such varieties will not be too large. Besides, Technical grapes are characterized by a high proportion of berry juice, the amount of which can be 83-85% of the volume of ripe berries. The features of such varieties are unpretentiousness, as well as a let, not too high, but stable yield. Many gardeners successfully cultivate technical grapes in home gardens and garden plots with a purely decorative purpose.
Among the newest and most modern varieties of industrial grapes, both domestic and foreign selection, there are several that stand out favorably with good taste, as well as high winter hardiness - up to -29-30 ° C. The variety is recommended to be selected for specific purposes or according to the requirements of the produced wine products.
|Growing Benefits||Performance and Characteristics|
|Unpretentiousness, excellent rooting, resistance to many diseases||Requires a small amount of chemicals for preventative treatment of bushes|
|High productivity in conditions of high agricultural technology||According to the originators, the yield of many varieties can exceed 280-310 kg / ha|
|The highest rates of sugar accumulation||At the level of 18-20% and more|
|Have a high level of juice recovery||Over 70-75%|
|Easy care and shaping, manufacturability||Most varieties are excellently developed and show productivity when performing short pruning.|
|No tendency to shed berries||Berries are stored on bushes for a long time without loss of taste and with an increase in sugar content.|
|Universality of use of berries||The crop is suitable for drying, making juices and wine. New varieties are not inferior in taste to table varieties|
Technical varieties are very easily and quickly propagated by various methods, including grafting, and are also characterized by rapid growth in the first years after planting.
When cultivating technical grape varieties, plant care activities are less labor intensive. Very often, the cultivation of such varieties is almost completely mechanized, so cultivation can be carried out on an industrial scale. The presence of grapes immunity to major diseases and pests can reduce the use of chemicals, which makes berry products more healthy and environmentally friendly.
Technical varieties are grown by amateur gardeners and professional winegrowers in almost all geographical areas, but the most widespread in the southern regions. The cultivation of such grapes is very important for the Krasnodar Territory and the Black Sea basin.
Technical grape varieties
The best white varieties
White varieties are more in demand by consumers and are widely cultivated for white wines, as well as for selection. The harvest is good for the production of nutmeg sparkling wines, as well as high-quality branded juice.
|Grade name||Description of berries||Sugar content||Acidity|
|Aligote||Medium in size, round, yellowish-green, with dark dots. The skin is thin, covers a very juicy and delicate pulp. The taste is simple. Few seeds||14.3 to 23.1 g / 100 ml||7.5-10.4 g / l|
|"Sercial"||Medium, slightly oval or ovoid, green-amber, covered with a weak spring. The skin is coarse, covers the soft and juicy flesh. The taste is simple, sweet and sour||22-23 g / 100 ml||6-7.5 g / 100 ml|
|"Fatyaska white"||Medium, round, green-yellow, with a bluish bloom. The skin is thin but strong. Juicy pulp, harmonious taste||20.8 g / 100 ml||4.2-10.8 g / l|
|"Bianca"||Small, round or slightly oval, yellowish green||20 g / 100 ml||7-9 g / l|
The best black varieties
Black grapes are used not only in fresh, but also in processed form, for the preparation of table and dessert sweet wines. The rich content of tannins and dyes allows the use of varieties in the production of blending juices and wine.
|Grade name||Cluster description||Grade average sugar content, g / 100 ml||The acidity of the variety, g / l|
|"Aleatico"||Cylindroconic, dense or medium friability, sometimes with a wing, weighing up to 135-145 g||23||5-7|
|Saperavi||Broadly conical, often branched, friable, weighing no more than 100 g||17-21,1||7,8-12,5|
|"Regent"||Cylindroconic, medium, weighing 150-180 g, moderately dense||20-22||8-9|
|Pinot Noir||Small and medium, cylindrical or cylindrical, sometimes with lobes, dense or very dense, weighing no more than 120 g||21,4||7,7|
The best red varieties
Pink and red coloring of berries of technical grape varieties gives an attractive appearance to the harvested crop and makes it more popular both with wine producers and fresh. Berries are used to make high-quality, floral aromas, dry and sparkling wines.
|Grade name||Description||Sugar content, g / 100 ml, and acidity, g / l||Productivity|
|"Gift of Magarach"||The berries are medium, round, whitish pink||21-24; 8-10||120-140 kg / ha|
|"Rkatsiteli Magaracha"||The berries are medium, round, whitish pink||21-23; 7-9||7.9 kg per bush|
|"Muscat pink"||Bushes of medium vigor. The mass of the bunch is 105-205 g||17,9-24,2; 4,8-9,1||60-80.3 kg / ha|
|"Traminer pink"||Berries of medium size, round or slightly oval, light pink, with a bluish spring plaque||22; 6,7||Varies dramatically by year|
The intensity of the color of the berries is directly dependent on the location of the plantings. On the southern slopes, grapes have a more intense color. Some technical varieties are characterized by the presence of a specific taste and aroma, which should be taken into account when growing.
The relatively new Clone of the Pink Traminer called Gewurztraminer deserved the highest praise and many positive reviews. In addition to high yield, this technical grape is characterized by a good accumulation of sugar and a beautiful color, which makes it possible to obtain wine with a bright aroma of rose, Chinese lychee and a very pronounced, saturated hue.
How to make homemade wine
According to amateur gardeners and beginner winegrowers, it is technical varieties that easily tolerate mistakes in care, and the presence of good pollination allows even under adverse weather and soil conditions to receive annual stable fruiting.